# Options Calculator

__Work Flow__

Upload paper trades data into the system every day and allocate them into portfolios, and system will convert them into positions Paper Trades 101

Maintain and save underlying price of the trades in the Proprietary Market Data page Proprietary Market Data Guide

Calculate the option price through the option calculator function and save it in the Proprietary Market Data page Options Calculator

For the rest, the system will calculate P/L, positions, etc. based on the saved price, volatility, Greeks completed in above steps

The Option Calculator function is used for calculating settlement price and greeks based on specific option pricing formula.

1. To access the options calculator page, please click on **Trades** from the navigation sidebar on the left, followed by **Paper Trades,**

and click on the **OPTION CAL** tab.

2. Please refer to point 3 below to learn how to use the option calculator function. Otherwise, you may opt to input your data manually in this section as follows:

Please click on the **+ New Trade **button to enter the data manually. All fields in red are compulsory to be filled. In order to distinguish the auto-filled open contracts (refer to point 3) and manually input rows, when you click on **+ New Trade** to enter data, the green borders will be shown in the newly added rows.

__Description:__

Code: The option contract code of your choice

Name: Once Code has been selected, the option contract name will be auto-filled

Month: The option contract’s expiration month

Year: The option contract’s expiration year

C/P: Call/Put

Strike: Strike price

Date: Will be auto-filled according to the Settlement Date (default is today’s date, you may change as necessary)

Settlement: Settlement price of the option contract you selected on the set settlement date

Underlying Price: Closing price of the underlying contract on the current day, obtained from Market Data

Spot Price: Will auto fill according to Underlying Price; otherwise, you may input the Spot Price accordingly

Sigma (%): Implied volatility

TTM: The number of days from the settlement date to the last trading day of all trading days (excluding weekends), you may edit as necessary

POC:

Delta : Delta value represents the fluctuation of the option price or option premium due to the change of the underlying futures price.

Gamma : Gamma value is defined as how Delta itself changes with the change of the underlying futures price. Please regard Gamma as the Delta of Delta.

Theta: Theta measures the sensitivity of an option to time. Theta is usually expressed as a negative number.

Vega : Vega is used to measure the sensitivity of an option to implied volatility.

Once all required fields are filled, please tick the row and click on **Save Changes **at the bottom left of the page to save your data into the **Proprietary Market Data **page. You may proceed to the **Market Data>Proprietary Market Data **table to view your saved options data (settlement price, DELTA , GAMMA , THETA , and VEGA obtained through the option calculation formula)

3. To proceed with the option calculator function, please refer to the following steps to input your parameters:

__Step 1: Choose Product and Settlement Date__

Please select the option contract (such as SGX/FEFO) from the **Product **drop-down list, and the settlement date in the **Settlement Date** field (the default is today), and click on **+ Open Contract**. All open contracts related to your selected **Product** and** Settlement Date **will be automatically displayed in the table

If these details are already input when creating **Paper Trades**, clicking on **+ Open Contract** will auto fill these fields:

Code

Name

Month

Year

C/P

Strike

Date

Underlying Price

__Step 2: Set Last Trading Day and Year Days (the number of days in the year). __

Please select the type of last trading day in the **Last Trading Day** drop-down list, such as CMLBTD (current month last business trading day, connected to Platts), and enter the total trading days of the year in the **Year Days** field (the default is 365 days), you may edit as necessary.

Please click on the blue **Calculate **button next to **Years Days** to perform the calculations, and the **TTM **(expiry days) and the **POC** (contract trading days of the current month) will be automatically filled in the table. Please note that** Month** and **Year** data must be filled for this **Calculate** function to work.

**TTM**: The number of days from the settlement date to the last trading day of all trading days (excluding weekends), you may edit as necessary**POC:**The total number of trading days of the selected option contract in the expiry month, you may edit as necessary

__Step 3: Input Risk Free Rate (%) and Cost of Carry Commodities %__

RFR %: Risk-Free Interest Rate %, after the first entry, it will be automatically saved and displayed by default after the first input, you may edit it as necessary

COC%: Cost of Carry Commodities %, after the first entry, it will be automatically saved and displayed by default after the first input, you may edit it as necessary. If the underlying product is a futures contract, this is 0.

__Step 4: Set the Spot Price and Implied Volatility (Sigma %)__

Spot Price: You may input manually or tick

**AUTO SP**at the top right corner above the table to automatically fill the spot price based on the**Underlying Price**

Sigma %: Please enter the defined implied volatility (

**Sigma****%**value) in the table

__Step 5: Set the Option Pricing Formula__

Please select the pricing formula from the **Option Pricing Formula** drop-down list. Only **TURNBULL-WAKEMAN ASIAN** is available, if other formulas are required, please contact us at support@mafint.com.

The Turnbull–Wakeman formula is a well-known formula for continuous arithmetic average rate options. In many commodity and energy markets where Asian options frequently trade, the average is typically based on futures or forward prices, that is to say, the cost-of-carry for the underlying asset is zero. Options on stocks can also have a cost-of-carry of zero. If the continuous dividend yield is equal to the risk-free rate, then the extension given in this note can be used in that case as well. Turnbull-Wakeman was developed not only for Asian options with non-zero holding costs, but can also be extended to hold options on futures (with zero holding costs). In 2017, the European Energy Exchange announced that they had switched from using the Black-76 formula (Black 1976) for settling freight futures options to the Turnbull–Wakeman formula. From 2018 on, the European Energy Exchange has been settling both freight futures options and iron ore options based on the modified Turnbull–Wakeman formula. |

__ __

Please click on the **Calculate **button next to **Option Pricing Formula**, and the following will be automatically calculated.

Settlement Price: Settlement price of the option contract you selected on the settlement date

Delta : Delta value represents the fluctuation of the option price or option premium due to the change of the underlying futures price

Gamma : Gamma value is defined as how Delta itself changes with the change of the underlying futures price. Please regard Gamma as the Delta of Delta

Theta: Theta measures the sensitivity of an option to time. Theta is usually expressed as a negative number

Vega : Vega is used to measure the sensitivity of an option to implied volatility

Once all required fields are filled, please tick the row and click on **Save Changes **at the bottom left of the page to save your data into the **Proprietary Market Data **page. You may proceed to the **Market Data>Proprietary Market Data **table to view your saved options data (settlement price, DELTA , GAMMA , THETA , and VEGA obtained through the option calculation formula). This data can be viewed in various models/reports in the **Dashboard** such as **Portfolio Top View** etc.

If the product is an options, the Row_Key will indicate Month/Year/C or P/Strike Price.

Delta = Existing Delta * Delta Coefficient (if delta coefficient is not set up, it will remain as the existing delta)